ROBOTIC SURGERY: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES AND CHARACTERISTICS
Maria Jana Kingsley-Godwin
Objective – To review, the historical developments and characteristics of robotic surgery will be explored and analysed.
Method – A review of the literature and experts’ opinions.
Results – The concept of remote surgery, or telesurgery, was explored in the 1970s by the United States of America (U.S.A). Various robotic procedures have applications in medicine. The coupling of robotic surgical systems with image guidance and navigations systems offers the possibility of minimally invasive surgery in areas in which visualisation traditionally has been difficult.
Conclusion - Robotic surgery has a long and interesting history. From the review of the available literature, it appears that this technology is safe and allows more complex procedures in many fields of surgery to be performed, be it at relatively high costs.
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