Diabetes Epidemics: A Challenge in the Changing World
Daniella Kingsley-Godwin and Maria Jana Kingsley-Godwin
Objective - To examine the epidemiological issues of diabetes in the global community.
Design - A systematic view, meta-analysis and epidemiological evaluation.
Materials and Methods - Systematic literature review of online databases such as Medline and EMBASE, visiting specialist library sources, journals, magazines, theses, grey literature, various published and unpublished materials and expert opinions.
Results - In 2016, 9.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes internationally. In 2014 diabetes was the direct cause of about 2.0 million deaths and high blood glucose was the cause of another 2.4 million deaths Worldwide. Healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding tobacco use are ways to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed with diet, physical activity, medication and regular screening and treatment for complications.
Conclusion - Diabetes is nearly four times as common as all types of cancer combined. It is fast becoming the 21st century's major public-health concern. The risk of diabetes increases as the obesity becomes prevalent. A rise in BMI from 21 (healthy) to 35 (obese) means that one is 50 to 80 times more likely to develop type 2.
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